Passover – How to Conduct a Proper Seder

Passover 1

The Seder is a Jewish ceremony conducted on the first evening of Passover. Here’s some information about the way the Jewish people celebrate the Exudes and the transition from slavery in Egypt to free people in Kna’an (Israel).

Several Customs of Passover

There are several things Jewish people do on Passover. These customs represent a Jewish social point of view on life and some of them are deeply rooted in other religious sources.

One of them is inviting whoever celebrates this holiday to your home. Usually, it’s about inviting relatives but it’s also about inviting poor people and people that are alone. Hosting people on Passover meal considers a great honor to the guest and the host.

Another one is leaving one chair open. That chair belongs to Elija the prophet. There’s a common joke in Israel that people see a drunk old man running the streets. People are asking him what’s wrong, and he complains about dining and drinking in too much Seder meals.

Spring cleaning is another custom of Passover. If you ever cleaned your home around the spring, it’s because Jews tend to do it to get rid of every piece of bread left in the house. During Passover, Jews don’t consume anything that contains yeast; that includes beer, pasta and many other yeast related products.

The Relationet Project, Passover in Vienna, Austria.

The Order

  1. Kadesh – First Cup of Wine – The blessing of the feast and the first cup of the wine of the feast.
  2. Orechatz (and wash) – Hand washing before eating.
  3. Karpas (Celery) – Eating celery in saltwater.
  4. Yachatz – In the table, there are 3 Matzas on one another. You take the middle one, divide it into two pieces; you present half of it to everyone and you hide the other half; The Afikoman. The Afikoman is hidden by the adults the kids go and read it.
  5. Magid (Tell) – This is the time to tell the story of the Hagada. This is the main part of the evening. After we finish reading the Hagada, we bless our salvation and drink the second cup of wine.
  6. Rachtza (wash) – wash your hands again.
  7. Motzi Matzah – According to Jewish tradition, you’re not allowed to eat bread on Passover. When the Jews escaped Egypt, they didn’t have the time to bake the bread fully (because of the doe) and they were forced to escape with whatever food they had, so they made Matzah.
  8. Maror (bitter) – A sign to the bitterness the Jews experienced from the Egyptians. They usually eat lettuce, but any bitter vegetable can fit.
  9. Corech (wrap) – wrapping the Matza with Maror or the other way around.
  10. Shulchan (table) – It’s time to set the table for dinner and eating dinner. Ashkenazi Jews eat gefiltefish and Middle Eastern Jews eat rice because of Haman’s declaration of killing all the Jews in Purim.
  11. Tzfon (Afikoman) – After the kids find the Afrikoman, now you eat from it. This is the last part of the meal and you’re not allowed to eat anything else. After this you bless on the food.
  12. Brech (Bless) – The third cup of the wine of the Seder.
  13. Elija’s cup – drinking the fourth cup with Elija the profit.
  14. Halel (praise) – Reading some of Psalms and singing songs of praising God for getting the Jews out of Egypt.
  15. Nirtze (Our will; our Wish) – Wishing of having the next Seder in Jerusalem.

Passover Around The World

For people that aren’t living in Israel, the custom is to do the Seder on the second night of Passover, which is tonight. Israeli travelers probably did the Seder last night, but you are most welcomed to ask us questions about this lovely Jewish holiday.