Like in any other place in the world, Israel has a rural area, too. There are different forms of rural area “villages” – Kibbutz, Moshav and Community Settlement. Let’s understand what each one of the means.
A kibbutz is a modern way of setting that come from the socialist – communist ideology. A lot of Kibbutzim (Kibbutzes) were built during the settlement of Israel and located in rural area. Most of the kibbutzim were providing themselves based on farming (the rest – factories). The kibbutz has one major principle: One does the best that one can according to one’s needs and ability. Everyone got payed for the jobs in food stamps. No body has their own land; everything is owned by the kibbutz.
Unfortunately, time consumed most of the kibbutzim and they couldn’t compete with bigger operations that manufacture food more efficiently. Most of the kibbutzim are privatized and every member share holds of something of the kibbutz. Nevertheless, there is still a sense of good rural environment and many travelers come and volunteer in a kibbutz. If you want to volunteer in a kibbutz, you could check some details here.
Moshav is a form of settlement that’s more individual than a Kibbutz. These are usually big properties that contain farming lands, dairy farms and agriculture. In a common Moshav all the houses are written under the same business. There’s a mutual friendly bond between the families that live there because there is a big sense of community. When a property owner in the Moshav gets in trouble, the Moshav helps them keeping the business up and running. Everybody has its own bank account and individual financial freedom.
There are other kinds of Moshavim. Moshav Shitufi is more like a Kibbutz with no common dining room or a common sleeping room. There’s also Moshav Olim which is a form of Moshav Ovdim populated by new immigrates.
Community settlement are very different; they have separation of property, every family hast its own life and there is no financial assistance. Despite the individual freedom, there are many communal events and all the locals share a sense of community. Israel has community settlements all over but the ones we see on the news are west bank settlements.
Kibbutzim, Moshavim and Community Settlements – Summary
8% of Israel’s population live in a kibbutz, moshav or community settlement. A lot of Israeli travelers come from these areas; they want to travel before they come back to the warm hands of their community. Nevertheless, most of the Israelis live in cities. Maybe you’d want to read about them and the religion of Jewish people?